Fix sluggish mouse cursor

I find the cursor speed is sometimes to slow on my Ubuntu machine with a Logitech MX trackball

And for reasons I dont recall I wanted to set the speed with a script instead of the setting application

 

#!/bin/bash
xinput set-prop "pointer:Logitech MX Ergo" "libinput Accel Speed" 1

Vagrant: Error while activating network: Call to virNetworkCreate failed: internal error: Network is already in use by interface

Network is already in use by interface ” Threw me for a minute

The issue was that an IP address specified in the Vagrant file was in use by the host i was using. Changed the IP’s in the vagrant file.. Problem solved


==> worker1: An error occurred. The error will be shown after all tasks complete.
An error occurred while executing multiple actions in parallel.
Any errors that occurred are shown below.

An error occurred while executing the action on the 'central'
machine. Please handle this error then try again:

Error while activating network: Call to virNetworkCreate failed: internal error: Network is already in use by interface br0.

An error occurred while executing the action on the 'worker1'
machine. Please handle this error then try again:

Error while activating network: Call to virNetworkCreate failed: internal error: Network is already in use by interface br0.

An error occurred while executing the action on the 'worker2'
machine. Please handle this error then try again:

Working with Openstack metadata service when using OVN

Metadata agent

Running the agent

neutron-ovn-metadata-agent –config-file /etc/neutron/neutron.conf –config-file /etc/neutron/neutron_ovn_metadata_agent.ini

Configure neutron_ovn_metadata_agent.ini.j2 on the compute node(s)

[ovn]
ovn_nb_connection=tcp:{{OVN Controller IP}}:6641
ovn_sb_connection=tcp:{{OVN Controller IP}}:6642
ovn_metadata_enabled = true

Configure neutron.conf on the Neutron server

[ovn]
ovn_metadata_enabled = true

 

 

Reading

https://docs.openstack.org/networking-ovn/latest/admin/refarch/refarch.html – For a nice diagram on how the bits fit together

https://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man7/ovn-architecture.7.html – Some more in depth technical secrets hidden in this doc

https://patchwork.ozlabs.org/project/openvswitch/patch/1493118328-21311-1-git-send-email-dalvarez@redhat.com/

Specifically the example of local ports

- One logical switch sw0 with 2 ports (p1, p2) and 1 localport (lp)
- Two hypervisors: HV1 and HV2
- p1 will be in HV1 (OVS port with external-id:iface-id="p1")
- p2 will be in HV2 (OVS port with external-id:iface-id="p2")
- lp will be in both (OVS port with external-id:iface-id="lp")
- p1 should be able to reach p2 and viceversa
- lp on HV1 should be able to reach p1 but not p2
- lp on HV2 should be able to reach p2 but not p1


ovn-nbctl ls-add sw0
ovn-nbctl lsp-add sw0 p1
ovn-nbctl lsp-add sw0 p2
ovn-nbctl lsp-add sw0 lp
ovn-nbctl lsp-set-addresses p1 "00:00:00:aa:bb:10 10.0.1.10"
ovn-nbctl lsp-set-addresses p2 "00:00:00:aa:bb:20 10.0.1.20"
ovn-nbctl lsp-set-addresses lp "00:00:00:aa:bb:30 10.0.1.30"
ovn-nbctl lsp-set-type lp localport

add_phys_port() {
name=$1
mac=$2
ip=$3
mask=$4
gw=$5
iface_id=$6
sudo ip netns add $name
sudo ovs-vsctl add-port br-int $name -- set interface $name
type=internal
sudo ip link set $name netns $name
sudo ip netns exec $name ip link set $name address $mac
sudo ip netns exec $name ip addr add $ip/$mask dev $name
sudo ip netns exec $name ip link set $name up
sudo ip netns exec $name ip route add default via $gw
sudo ovs-vsctl set Interface $name external_ids:iface-id=$iface_id
}

# Add p1 to HV1, p2 to HV2 and localport to both

# HV1
add_phys_port p1 00:00:00:aa:bb:10 10.0.1.10 24 10.0.1.1 p1
add_phys_port lp 00:00:00:aa:bb:30 10.0.1.30 24 10.0.1.1 lp

$ sudo ip netns exec p1 ping -c 2 10.0.1.20
PING 10.0.1.20 (10.0.1.20) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.0.1.20: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.738 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.1.20: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.502 ms

--- 10.0.1.20 ping statistics ---
2 packets transmitted, 2 received, 0% packet loss, time 1001ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.502/0.620/0.738/0.118 ms

$ sudo ip netns exec lp ping -c 2 10.0.1.10
PING 10.0.1.10 (10.0.1.10) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.0.1.10: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.187 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.1.10: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.032 ms

--- 10.0.1.10 ping statistics ---
2 packets transmitted, 2 received, 0% packet loss, time 999ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.032/0.109/0.187/0.078 ms


$ sudo ip netns exec lp ping -c 2 10.0.1.20
PING 10.0.1.20 (10.0.1.20) 56(84) bytes of data.

--- 10.0.1.20 ping statistics ---
2 packets transmitted, 0 received, 100% packet loss, time 1000ms


$ sudo ovs-ofctl dump-flows br-int | grep table=32
cookie=0x0, duration=141.939s, table=32, n_packets=2, n_bytes=196,
idle_age=123, priority=150,reg14=0x3,reg15=0x2,metadata=0x7 actions=drop
cookie=0x0, duration=141.939s, table=32, n_packets=2, n_bytes=196,
idle_age=129, priority=100,reg15=0x2,metadata=0x7
actions=load:0x7->NXM_NX_TUN_ID[0..23],set_field:0x2->tun_metadata0,move:NXM_NX_REG14[0..14]->NXM_NX_TUN_METADATA0[16..30],output:59



# On HV2

add_phys_port p2 00:00:00:aa:bb:20 10.0.1.20 24 10.0.1.1 p2
add_phys_port lp 00:00:00:aa:bb:30 10.0.1.30 24 10.0.1.1 lp

$ sudo ip netns exec p2 ping -c 2 10.0.1.10
PING 10.0.1.10 (10.0.1.10) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.0.1.10: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.810 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.1.10: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.673 ms

--- 10.0.1.10 ping statistics ---
2 packets transmitted, 2 received, 0% packet loss, time 1000ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.673/0.741/0.810/0.073 ms

$ sudo ip netns exec lp ping -c 2 10.0.1.20
PING 10.0.1.20 (10.0.1.20) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.0.1.20: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.357 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.1.20: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.062 ms

--- 10.0.1.20 ping statistics ---
2 packets transmitted, 2 received, 0% packet loss, time 1000ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.062/0.209/0.357/0.148 ms

$ sudo ip netns exec lp ping -c 2 10.0.1.10
PING 10.0.1.10 (10.0.1.10) 56(84) bytes of data.

--- 10.0.1.10 ping statistics ---
2 packets transmitted, 0 received, 100% packet loss, time 999ms

$ sudo ovs-ofctl dump-flows br-int | grep table=32
cookie=0x0, duration=24.169s, table=32, n_packets=2, n_bytes=196,
idle_age=12, priority=150,reg14=0x3,reg15=0x1,metadata=0x7 actions=drop
cookie=0x0, duration=24.169s, table=32, n_packets=2, n_bytes=196,
idle_age=14, priority=100,reg15=0x1,metadata=0x7
actions=load:0x7->NXM_NX_TUN_ID[0..23],set_field:0x1->tun_metadata0,move:NXM_NX_REG14[0..14]->NXM_NX_TUN_METADATA0[16..30],output:40

Swap space notes

Whats using swap space

for file in /proc/*/status ; do awk '/VmSwap|Name/{printf $2 " " $3}END{ print ""}' $file; done | sort -k 2 -n -r | less

Who is eating all of my RAM?

ps aux --sort=-%mem | head

Where are my swap files

 cat /proc/swaps

How to add more swap space

1. Create empty file:
This file will contain virtual memory contents so make file big enough for your needs. This one will create 1Gb file which means +1Gb swap space for your system:

dd if=/dev/zero of=/media/fasthdd/swapfile.img bs=1024 count=1M

If you want to make 3Gb file then change count value to count=3M. See man dd for more information.

2. Bake swap file:
Following command is going to make “swap filesystem” inside your fresh swap file.

mkswap /media/fasthdd/swapfile.img

3. Bring up on boot:
To make sure that your new swap space is activated while booting up computer you should add it to filesystem configuration file /etc/fstab. Add it to end of file, this is recommended because other filesystems (at least one that contains swap file) must be mounted in read-write mode before we can access any files.

# Add this line to /etc/fstab
/media/fasthdd/swapfile.img swap swap sw 0 0

4. Activate:
You can either reboot your computer or activate new swap file by hand with following command:

swapon /media/fasthdd/swapfile.img

Original articles

https://askubuntu.com/questions/178712/how-to-increase-swap-space
https://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/linux-which-process-is-using-swap/

EasyRSA – Make a certificate and copy to ansible staging dir

I use this script on my CA server to create a certificate for each new server we provision. This allows our internal PKI to function.

This script creates a certificate then copies it to the Ansible server where is can be deployed to the destination host

Obviously you’ll need to take the necessary precautions around key security

ISSUE_NAME=$1.domain.local

cd /home/admin/EasyRSA-3.0.5/
/home/admin/EasyRSA-3.0.5/easyrsa build-server-full $ISSUE_NAME nopass
ssh edpk-ansible..local 'mkdir -p /home/admin/ansible/files/'$1'/'
scp /home/admin/EasyRSA-3.0.5/pki/issued/$ISSUE_NAME.crt edpk-ansible..local:/home/admin/ansible/files/$1/$1.crt
scp /home/admin/EasyRSA-3.0.5/pki/private/$ISSUE_NAME.key edpk-ansible..local:/home/admin/ansible/files/$1/$1.key
cd ~

Ubuntu interfaces file examples

Example 1 – Includes some static routes and manually specified IP’s

auto lo
iface lo inet static
address 103.90.59.9/32

auto ens3
iface ens3 inet static
address 172.2.1.17
network 172.2.1.0
netmask 255.255.254.0
up route add -net 172.2.0.0 netmask 255.255.0.0 gw 172.2.1.1
up route add -net 172.2.0.0 netmask 255.255.0.0 gw 172.2.1.1

iface ens3 inet6 static
address 2405:cc:ee:110::7
netmask 64
autoconf 0
accept_ra 0
gateway 2405:cc:ee:110:ff:ff

auto ens4
iface ens4 inet static
address 172.23.2.12
network 172.23.2.0
netmask 255.255.255.0
gateway 172.23.2.254

source /etc/network/interfaces.d/*.cfg

 

MYSQL Backup to S3 script

Script

#!/bin/bash

# Set the enviroment variable so read function knows to seperate on ",".
export IFS=","

NOW=$(date +"%Y_%m_%d_%H_%M")

DATABASES_CONFIG_FILE="/home/bfnadmin/databases.csv"

S3_ENDPOINT="https://my-s3-storage.com"
S3_BUCKET="s3://sql-backups"

TEMP_BACKUP_DIR="backups"

while read HOST USERNAME PASSWORD DB_SRV DB_NAME;
do
echo "[$DB_SRV - $DB_NAME]"

mysqldump --single-transaction --quick --lock-tables=false \
-h $HOST \
-u $USERNAME \
-p$PASSWORD \
$DB_NAME | gzip > $TEMP_BACKUP_DIR/$DB_SRV-$DB_NAME-$NOW.sql.gz

echo "Uploading backup to S3 storage - $DB_SRV-$DB_NAME-$NOW.sql.gz"

aws --endpoint-url=$S3_ENDPOINT s3 cp $TEMP_BACKUP_DIR/$DB_SRV-$DB_NAME-$NOW.sql.gz $S3_BUCKET

rm $TEMP_BACKUP_DIR/$DB_SRV-$DB_NAME-$NOW.sql.gz

echo -e "\n\n"

done < $DATABASES_CONFIG_FILE

~/ .aws/credentials

[default]
aws_access_key_id=xxx
aws_secret_access_key=yyy

databases.csv

ip_Address,sql_user,sql_password,Host_Display_name,DB_Name

Script to enable fast-diff on an entire pool of images and rebuild the object-map

This script enables the requisite features on all RBD images in a pool to allow you to run rbd du and have it return a result quickly as opposed to having to calculate the size very time

rbd ls -p backup1 | while read line; do
  echo "$line"
  rbd feature enable backup1/$line object-map exclusive-lock
  rbd object-map rebuild backup1/$line
  rbd snap ls backup1/$line | while read snap; do
        export snapname=$(echo $snap| awk '{print $2;}')
        if [ ! $snapname == "NAME" ]
        then
                echo "$line@$snapname"
                rbd object-map rebuild backup1/$line@$snapname
        fi
  done
done